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The Implication of Internal Migration in Uganda

Statement of the problem

The impulse to migrate is inherent in human nature—an instinctual and inborn disposition and inclination to wonder and to wander in search of new opportunities and new horizons. People leave their place of origin because they face severe problems and the need to adapt to new ways and values of life encompassing political, socio-economic and cultural adversity. Migration remains the least understood and researched area in Uganda. There is an increase in the volume of internal migration to urban centres and insufficient investigation has been done on its impact. This study will investigate the causes and problems of internal migration in Uganda and the associated impact it is having on public policy.

Literature Review

The theories that will be used in this study will incorporate the social relations’ approach theory, the push and pull model of migration, structuralist theories of migration, gender analysis and economic approaches. In the case of the relevant model of migration, the study will focus on the Todaro and Sharks’ model, and the sociological and anthropological approaches to migration. The models and theories suggested analyze the internal migration and its effects on the economy. The analysis of the planning framework will be imminent in the determination of the planning and analysis for internal migration. The study will construct a baseline scenario to track observed internal migration trends to urban areas in Uganda.

Research Objectives, purpose and potential significance

As the research focuses on the Internal Migration in Uganda, its objective is to analyze the determinants of internal migration in the region and the impact it has on its public policy. Its purpose is to determine the cause for internal migration explore the consequences and make an analysis of the impact on public policy. The significance of the study will be felt by the policy makers in the region as they will be able to effectively analyze the internal migration problem and suggest a long-term solution to the predicament. It will inform humanitarian agencies that assist the country in monitoring migration trends and patterns.  It will also contribute to the discipline of migration and public policy in general.

Research Methodology

The research methodology to be used in this study will be the mixed method as it incorporates both the Qualitative and Quantitative research. The determinants of migration for the study will involve the analysis of the migration pattern and the impacts towards individuals, households and origin communities. The study will cover both origin and destination areas to explore and establish linkages between the broader structural forces and the forces which operate at the individual level influencing decisions to move or stay. Two groups of villages in Oyam, Northern Uganda will be selected for the rural surveys. The urban surveys will be conducted in Kampala. The qualitative data will be exploratory and quantitative data will be collected through the issuance of questionnaires. The study will be based on phenomenological research design.

Research Population

As the research will be conducted in Ugandan territory, its population will include families that have a member who have migrated in the two villages in Oyam and families with migrants living in Kampala. I will use the data available at the Uganda Bureau of Statistics for the 2002 population census which indicates where an individual has migrated from. I will draw upon them by use of cluster sampling using systematic random sampling. As such, I will partition the two groups and they are not necessarily to be of the same size. The questionnaires will be subjected to each cluster in a random criterion to enhance precision and minimize bias. 

Examples of Research Data That May Be Collected

The study will be majorly an interactive one and will utilize the primary data derived from group discussions, observations and individual interviews. In addition, secondary data comprising of literature from published, unpublished books, scholarly journals and articles. The focus will be on the migration patterns and trends, marital status, age, sex, education levels and housing of the respondents available on 2002 Census data.

Other Relevant information

The study will analyze migration trends in Uganda using the 2002 census data. The use of mixed method approach allows for integration of the quantitative and qualitative data and allows the study to overcome some of the problems of the other methods. I will integrate the results of the two in the analysis of results. To ensure validity, we shall corroborate data for accuracy and ensure that the theoretical explanations fit the data. We shall connect the data so that the quantitative data may build on the qualitative data.

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