Crime, Pollution and Transportation in the Victorian Era
In the Victorian era, the British people faced increased crime, pollution, and transportation problems, some of which were improved in the course of the Industrial Revolution. For example, the British engineers were able to devise improved rail networks (Winter, 2013). Nevertheless, the Industrial Revolution also led to an increase in crime and pollution rates in the society. Therefore, the paper will analyze the nature of crime, pollution, and transportation in the Victorian era in Britain, as well as highlight the improvements achieved in these challenging social spheres.
In Great Britain, the main transportation systems were railways in the Victorian era between 1880 and 1900 (Winter, 2013). The introduction and implementation of railways was successful in the British Empire. However, it was important to improve the transportation networks of railways by developing new roads and rails to promote enhanced and safe movement of people and goods in the Victorian era.
In terms of the criminal activities, the crime rate in England increased from 5,000 cases in 1800 to roughly 20,000 cases in 1840 (Vickers & Ziebarth, 2016). Some of the major crimes in the Victorian era in Britain included murder, rape, and burglary. The main reason for the increase in the crime rate was due to the Industrial Revolution. The events of the Industrial Revolution led to an increase in wealth, but, on the other hand, they contributed to higher poverty levels. The increased rate of poverty forced many families to engage in crimes to struggle with the difficult economic situation.
In the Victorian era, the British society faced increased levels of pollution due to environmental nuisance and the degradation of the environment (Rosenthal, 2014). The adverse effects of the Industrial Revolution led to the growth of factories and an increased population of the poor who were unable to prevent pollution. The industries caused environmental nuisance and their fumes led to air and water pollution.
In summary, the British people faced adverse aspects of pollution and crime due to the influence of the Industrial Revolution in the Victorian era. The development of railways was one of its advantages, however, due to the increased crime rate transportation was not safe. Thus, it was critical to improve on the environmental protection and crime reduction to contribute to the ease of mobility from one location to another.
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