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Business Ethics

Poor adherence to ethics and moral values has seen many companies go down the drain. Sexual violence, racism, nepotism and discrimination against the disables are but some of the negative practices that must be eliminated if businesses are to thrive. Business can only be successful if proper ethics are observed. Ethics are good moral practices that are advisable. However, some businesses are always bent to flout the moral and ethical principles that exist in their environment. Some company recruitment drives are biased. The employing officers always allocate some slots to their relatives and friends. This nepotism practice is a poison to the success of businesses. This means that professionals are always sacrificed to create room for friends.

Life is always consistent. If a person practices injustice in one area of their life, they are likely to do the same at all times. The employees in some firms are fond of misusing technology. The use of pornographic sites is quite prevalent in such companies. Some people also hack into the systems. Other people still work to rob banks and other business. Such unethical behaviors have been noted to destroy company reputations.

Howell, R 2010. Choosing ethical theories and principles.International Journal of Transdisciplinary Research Vol. 5, No. 1, 2010, Pp. 1-28

All areas of life call for discipline and honesty. Howell takes the readers through a journey of discovery. Many areas of life have loopholes that come as a result of poor ethics and moral degradation. The Business world is not spared either. Howell illustrates that people have polluted water bodies as a result of poor policies. The business environment has also been affected through low discipline levels. Consequently, corruption and bribery have widely infiltrated into the business environment. Howell is so sad that people have always destroyed soil and water bodies without mercy. He relates this injustice to that which exist in business environment. Life is always consistent. If a person practices injustice in one area of their life, they are likely to do the same at all times. Sexual harassment, tax breaches and bribery are some of the negative morals that Howell expounds on.

Crane, A and Matten, D 2007. Understanding business ethics.

Gender discrimination is emphasized in this article. The author works to depict his readers on diverse ethical issues in business. Crane and Matten aim at giving readers some business conflict resolution tricks. Tribalism, racial discrimination, low wage pay and gender discrimination are but some of the ethical issues that the author rises.  The author describes four divisions of ethics. These include feminism theory, virtue theory, discourse theory and postmodern theory. The author illustrates that women always feel some fear for investment. This is an indication of gender discrimination. Men have greater drive to invest. Nonetheless, women always have better ethical behavior when in business. They never bribe of corrupt their ways. In regard to these theories, the author illustrates that discourse theory helps in solution to problems and disputes.

In this article, Crane and Matten depict diverse conflicts that are evident in business. Individuals and companies always fall out due to diverse issues. The author nonetheless insists that all conflicts can and should actually be solved amicably. Good company policies will aid in early conflict resolutions. Some of the theories that are highlighted include consequentiality theory and the non consequentiality theory. Ego and utilitarianism help to explain these theories. I have learnt that conflicts can sometimes arise between businesses and individuals. All conflicts should actually be solved in ways that create harmony to al aggrieved parties.

Sansbury, S B 2009. Article on the Nature of Morality. Pp. 3-18.

This article gives a sad story about the events that led to the fall of Enron Ltd. This company was once a giant firm in the USA accounting sector. It nonetheless fell and was declared bankrupt as a result of shoddy deals within the organization. Such an illustration gives evidence of unethical behavior in business. The CEO of the above firm had for a long time cheated people. The company accounts were deceitfully presented as profitable yet the company had always made loses.  Good morality should be enhanced in business. The author insists that each person should endeavor to practice good ethics. Honesty and transparency should be adhered to. Many investors have always lost their dear fortunes in the hands of immoral managers and company directors.

The author further illustrates that good ethics help companies to prevent law suits and court fines. The CEO of Enron Ltd would have evaded court fines had he practiced good morality in business. I have learnt that morality in business and organizations go a long way in enhancing profitability. The author has given evidence of moral and non moral standards in business. He says that moral values should actually go ahead of self interests. Companies have always suffered because of selfish ambitions of the directors. The Enron Ltd is such an example. Law courts are among the institutions that are charged with the responsibility of arbitrating conflicts. The author further reveals that morality and etiquette go hand in hand. I agree with the author in his illustration that etiquette is the practice of good morals. This work is centered on ethics and good conduct in companies.

Velasquez, M 2000. Globalization and the failure of ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly, V. 10, No. 1. p. 343-352

Manuel Velasquez is an experienced author of business issues. He raises questions that would help firms sober up their stand on ethics in an international environment. The flow of information delivered in this article is quite articulate and easy to understand. Manuel Velasquez reveals that some multinational companies have had to deal with corrupt governments. According to the author, such governments have always practiced negative business ethics. Some countries always insist on having huge percentage of shareholding in companies that are foreign based.

Manuel Velasquez’s article purposefully gives categories of ethical risks in an international environment. He says that some countries do not have the capacity to accommodate business technology like the internet. The employees in such firms are fond of misusing technology. The use of pornographic sites is quite prevalent in such companies. Some people also hack into the systems. Other people still work to rob banks and other business. Such unethical behavior has been noted by the author. Manuel Velasquez also reveals the network of employment tension that meets investors in an international environment. He says that some countries have always insisted on huge percentage of local based employees. Manuel Velasquez also reveals that some multinational companies have always frustrated people in their areas of investment. Companies in the oil sector are a good example in such frustrations. Some multinational companies insist on retaining huge percentage of profits for themselves.

Manuel Velasquez work is quite informative of the ethical issues that exist in international environments. Such information is to warn firms to be wary of ethical dilemma in business. This article is very useful in research related to ethics in business. Courts of law have always been used to help solve issues arising between firms.

Parker, M  and Pearson, G 2005. Capitalism and Its Regulation: A dialogue on Business and Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 60: 91–101

The authors are senior scholars and research specialist in the area of business and organization ethics. The two authors give a detailed analysis of ethics in a capitalistic environment. They show how politics play a part towards the establishment of businesses.  Employees in capitalistic regimes show tendencies of reluctance towards work. They are never as hard working as their counterparts in communism regions. Government regulations have always been viewed as skewed towards benefiting the customers at the expense of the companies. Some countries actually put price limits that should never be exceeded by companies. Such restrictions to free market work to discriminate businesses. Such a treatment is actually un-ethical. Investors always evade countries with such restrictions.

The concepts resented in this paper are so ripe of ethical situation in business. I nonetheless fell skeptical on the manner in which information is presented in this essay. The dialogue style is very difficult to follow. One would wonder when the speakers get serious with important issues. I like report formatted essays. The report based essays are more academic and professional compared to dialogue inclined information.


People can only close successful business deals if honesty and transparency are embraced. Even though such good traits are desired in business, many company directors often practice the opposite. Companies have been spotted to practice corruption and gender discrimination. These are examples of negative ethical behavior. Some companies discriminate against individuals on the basis of race and political affiliations. Some high profile staffs have also been unmasked for practicing office sexual violence against their subordinates. Such statistics are saddening. Bad ethical traits have made many people to fear for their spouses. Some company managers demand for sex in exchange for promotions and appointments. Very many non- ethical activities are eminent in the work place. The court of law is also on the watch for any wrong doers. A lot of policy enhancement should be implemented. This will help reduce losses in the hands of immoral staff. 

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