Democracy in Mexico
The constitution that was drafted in Mexico for the Mexicans in the year 1917 advocated for a precise democratic system of government. This is absurd as the real democracy did not take its course in the country until the late 1900 (Stokes 1963). For the better part of the twentieth century, this noble country was under the rule of authoritarians believed to be after their own self interest under the disguise of collective responsibility with the people in the country. It never gave much help to the common man in the Mexican territory (McCann & Lawson 2003).
The main party during this era was the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) which had an immensely complicated system of government. The party advocated for total authoritarian rule as opposed to what the constitution purely presented within the letters. This political grouping was considered a highly monopolistic approach towards the clientele and patron social order development in the country and even in a global perspective (McCann & Lawson 2005).
The promises made during the party’s campaign became a clear façade in history. A lot of injustices was made in public following the manipulations put forward by the very PRI. This party surely compromised the electoral process and deceived most individuals in the country pertaining to their rights and freedom in the whole issue of governance. It dominated the politics in Mexico both at the State level and also in a national point of view. By forcefully nullifying the electoral powers in the system, this party transformed the country’s electoral and governing principles to a mere military based coup.
The iron that this party smelted began to get its new caster when the economic struggles across the Nation gave birth to a series of civic cultural movements. These movements brought some form of sanity to the entire government system (Finkel 1993). A good example of the movement is the National Women’s Institute (INMUJERES). This was a government agency created in the year 2001. Its purpose was majorly to promote equality within the gender issues in the country. Another extremely influential movement that was in place during this period was the Federal Institute of Transparency (FIT). This made information accessible to most of the inhabitants of the country. It came in place in the year 2002. It meant the granting of principal and impeccable requests from the general public (Domnguez & Lawson 2003).
Other smaller yet effective grass root movements supported these developments at the federal level of governance. The creation and empowerment of such humanistic groups produced a serious struggle towards the attainment of escalated economic and political rights amongst the citizens in the country. This would pave the way for a democratic system of government that is legitimate and ensures a precise firm application to the rule of law.
Although a multi party system was developed in the early 1996, this gave little hope to the citizens as there were still lots of manipulation by all season strong party of PRI (Crespo 2004). Other parties that gave PRI some healthy competition include parties like Party of Democratic Revolution (PRD) and Party of National Action (PAN). PRD was a leftist party while PAN was a conservative party that split from the PRI. PAN extensively covered the existing electoral units in the country.
President Zedillo pushed for this idea in the year 1996 when he created the federal electoral law. This law instigated new electoral institutions and also created the autonomy for the Federal Electoral Institute (FEI) which granted political parties financing by the government (Consulta Mitofsky nd). This would help in leveling the electoral playing ground for all domestic political parties in the entire country. In the year 1997, PRI lost its majority in the chambers creating a congenial up set to the individuals involved in the entire race to capture the top seat in the country. This brought hope to a country that is overridden by lots of corruption issues in its system of government.
PRI lost overwhelmingly in the general elections of the year 2000. This was the first loss in record 70 years in the history of the country. Vicente Fox of PAN took the oath of office after the dramatic presidential elections of the same year. Most people thought that this win would translate the authoritarian rule to a basic democratic form of government that the country had been yearning for in the last 70 years of self government. All in all it brought in remarkably little change to the development of the country’s democracy. Local elections still faced the wrath of IFE that was formed in the early 1990s. This body ensured free and fair elections but was always in favor of the PRI party (Cobilt et al. 2000).
PAN and other parties were extremely fragmented and thus created room for the former party of PRI to continue manipulating the country's whole system of governance . The weak parties had unequal distribution of power in the lower house where both PAN and PRD were in sufficient to face the de facto policy vetted by the PRI. The more the parties were, the more manipulative the PRI became in the political arena of the country. This made it difficult to effect changes in the constitution to better suit the citizens of the country (Carmines & Stimson 1980).
Overall, the current system of government in Mexico has done remarkably little to help in the improvement of the Pseudo democratic foundations. The country is dogged with a lot of corruption plus the raging war against drug abuse (Camp et al. 1992). These two factors have significantly hindered the progress made by the government in quest for equality and human rights in the Nation. To make matters worse this has profoundly slipped through the fingers of this noble nation every time and again.
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