India is among one of the fastest developing economies in the world both in terms of industries and human population. This has translated to increased demand for water used in domestic, agricultural and industrial operations (Sidner&Singh,2012).
Where 80% of rural water and farm irrigation supplies come from
The largest percentage of water used in farm especially for irrigation purposes comes mostly from underground sources, rainwater and seeps. This has compelled communities to sink boreholes in order to sustain the water requirements for agricultural purposes.
How the locations “fed” more water
According to the BBC articles the largest consumers of water are the bottling and brewing industries. Due to the increasing scarcity of the precious natural resource, SAB Miller a brewing industry, has taken an initiative to help in conservation of water through construction of dams that will reduce excessive water run offs and also play a key role in aiding the process of natural water recharge (Kannan,2011).
Howground water requirements will change by about 2050?
The increased pressure on ground water mostly due to unregulated exploitation by agriculture and industrial consumption is projected to double the rate at which ground water is decline. Currently the rate of decline is 4cm per year hence by 2050 the rate of decline will be 8cm per year(Kannan,2011). This rate of decline will have undesired effect on human and industries.
What is a “water footprint” – what is the water footprint of a glass of beer?
Water footprint is the volume of water that is used in industries to process a product from its raw material stage up to when it’s ready to be delivered to the final consumers(Kannan,2011).. The water footprint for a glass of beer is projected at seventy five liters.
What India can do if it cannot increase its water supply
In order for India to sustain its economy with regards to water demand and supply, the country should carryout adequate research when locating its water point resources. In addition, the agricultural sector has to embrace economical water usage. This can be achieved by using modern technology and the sewage treatment plants should be developed alongside the water system by taking this action, water recycling will be promoted hence reducing pressure on underground water. Since the country lacks a national agency that governs the exploitation of water (Hornby, 2012). National Water Monitoring body should be put in place in addition to ensuring the body offers strict guidelines that are to be observed in water usage.
How will this shortage affect growth in the future?
If the problem of water is not adequately addressed, the industries and the economy of Indiawill decline. In addition, human suffering is likely to arise due to competition for water amongst different regions since water is a baseline for human existence.