The Rise of China
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The three articles on the “Rise of China” use the economy of the country as the basis of their argument. The articles observe how China rose from the economic downturn between 2008 and 2009 and point that out as one of the main factors that indicate China’s takeover of the West and East as the economic powerhouse. However, some questions abound regarding the political superiority of the country in comparison to the United States. One article views the three options available that include a peaceful transition, accommodation, and war resulting from the struggle. It is also essential to note that the three articles focus on how China rose to become a powerhouse and the factors that contributed to its success. Some challenges are also outlined regarding things that hinder the development of the country as speculated by economists. The three articles also discuss the issue concerning the future of the West at length and it is indicated that in as much as China will rise as an economic power. It will be hard for China to become the political powerhouse because the other western countries have the same might as it does.
This paper compares and contrasts the ideas conveyed by the three articles: “The Rise of China and the Future of the West”, “The Middling Kingdom” and “China’s Capitalism in the aftermath of the 2008 Crisis”.
The article “The Middling Kingdom:The Hype and the Reality of China’s Rise” by Babones (2011) commences by indicating how China has exhibited a steady growth from 1990 to 2010. However, the article shifts attention to how the global financial crisis made people think that the country was going doing as its exports collapsed leading to political instability and revolts by the population. Nonetheless, the country did not crumble as it recovered from the economic downturn, which made different economists predict its continuous growth into the future. The article provides a case study of China when it was bombed during the second World War, but it managed to rise above the destruction caused. It is noted in the article that the country’s population decline and increased urbanization contributed significantly in its growth, in the past 20 years. However, the article indicates that are barriers, which are foreseen to limit the growth of China in the future. These factors include political instability, environmental and structural barriers. However, Babones (2011, p. 4) points out that the country still has the potential of growth basing on its “Can-do has Done” attitude. The article concludes by pointing out that, despite the rise of China economically as a world powerhouse, the United States are not threatened because of their “hegemony”. Thus, it is noted that the country’s development will match that of the United States, but the country will be more inclined to take of its people’s issues rather than seek global hegemony.
On the other hand, the article “The Rise of China and the Future of the West:Can the Liberal System Survive?” by Ikenberry (2008, p. 2) is more concerned with what will happen when China finally rises to the rank of superpowers. The article matches with the previous one as it terms China’s growth has been massive. In addition, it is indicated in the article that China has made remarkable steps towards becoming a superpower as it has already overthrown the United States as the main influencer of the countries in the East. However, the article adopts a different look on China after it becomes a superpower. The article weighs the options of the United States after China has ascended to the rank of superpowers and points out that the United States and the western countries need to start treating China as a fellow global powerhouse. This provides a difference from the way the previous article considers the United States. Matters concerning how China will take over from the world’s superpowers is also weighed. (Ikenberry 2008, p. 5) The article touches on peaceful transition as it deems the United States will eventually relent to China as the main influence of the globe. Lastly, the article indicates that the United States has no option, but to include China in making of decisions regarding the globe as China has already ascended to the level of superpowers and it will guiding the steps to be taken regarding the globe.
Lastly, the article “China’s Capitalism in the Aftermath of the Crisis” by Hardy and Budd views geopolitics to have shifted from the west to the east after the economic downfall of 2008. This is because of China’s economic recovery that has being termed as “soft landing” referring to how China recovered from the economic downturn, to emerge as a flourishing economy. This article compares to the previous articles as it refers to the past economic downturn and mentions China as the only survivor of the economic downfall. The article also takes a keen interest on the economy of the United States in comparison to that of China before and after the economic downturn. However, the article sums up that China’s rise, as economic and global powerhouse is a thing that was in the making before the time of economic downfall. The article also points out China’s touch with capitalism as the main cause of its massive economic growth. In addition, Hardy and Budd indicate that urbanization is another cause of China’s recent growth, which matches with the first articles reference to what makes China a superpower. Amazingly, this article refers to the United States as the main importer of Chinese goods. This contrasts with the other articles that are more focused on addressing how the United States will cope with China’s rise to the status of global hegemony. However, the article proceeds to indicate that there was a strain between the United States and China regarding its imports, which was brought about by China’s undervaluing of the dollar. This prompted the United States to pass a bill that imposed bills on country’s imports that undervalued its currency. This article also matches with the other articles as the cause of China’s slow development. However, it terms them as polarization, increasing discontent and corruption. The article concludes by indicating that China has grown to the level of a superpower. However, it has done that economically as it is the largest economic exporter including to the United States. This trend has spread to the European Union, which indicates the power wielded by the country.
In conclusion, the three articles try to point out the various ways that China is emerging as the world’s political and economical superpower. The articles correspond in their argument that China has thrived economically since the economic downturn because it managed to counter the inflation and registered a higher growth rate after that period. This is viewed as a threat to the western world as some of the articles indicate that the western world has to start preparing to welcome China as part of them because the country will eventually perform on the same economic rate with them in no time. However, Babones (2011) notes that despite China’s rise as an economy superpower, the country will be less inclined to seek global hegemony. Thus, the United States will continue to perform significantly as the main geopolitical influencer. Notably, the articles agree on the fact that China has risen significantly as an economic superpower, but they differ in the way, the country will become a superpower as some articles advance that the West needs to start preparing to accommodate the country while others advance that the country will be less inclined to seeking political superiority.
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