Common Elements Separate State and Federal Constitutions

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The United States constitution provides for two forms of government in the United States of America. Government is divided into two main categories; federal government and state governments. The federal administration is higher than the state governments. The federal government unites all the fifty states that make up America. The federal government provides national policies that are abounding to by the states. Such policies govern matters of national interest such as national defense, currency-related issues and international affairs.

Federal decrees govern such things as executive orders of the President, laws passed by the U.S. Congress and decisions made by federal courts that construe the provisions of the U.S. Constitution. State constitutions are developed by individual states to govern the behavior and socioeconomic development of citizens and businesses in each state. State law expresses the desired regulation affecting specific groups of people. The federal constitution affects weighty issues such as the bill of rights and sets the standard for all states. The U.S. Supreme Court is the ultimate arbitrator on matters concerning federal laws. The Federal decrees are gazetted and stored in the U.S. Code.

State law, however, governs in each individual state.  State regulations are passed by state elected representatives and signed by a state’s superintendent. State laws exist side by side with the federal laws, and friction may at times occur between these two forms of legislation.

State laws are suited to perform many, diverse functions than federal constitutions. State laws have different origins depending on the demographic, cultural and religious beliefs of the citizens of a state. As a result of incorporating all the little aspects of the citizenry, state constitutions are longer, detailed and more comprehensive than federal constitutions.

Furthermore, state constitutions contain more policy-oriented provisions. The provisions of a state constitution are built up over time to include the desired character, virtue and morality of the state’s citizenry. State constitutions are democratic since they involve the citizenry in policy-making, amendment and voting processes. Therefore, the process of amending federal laws is more difficult and complicated than when changing state laws.

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