Chapter 10 of the book Give Me Liberty by Eric Forner deals with the United States of America’s democracy between the years 1815 -1840. This period is characterized by the throne of the President Andrew Jackson. During his rule there were immense decisions and changes made on political, economic and social spheres of the United State of America’s people (W. W. Norton & Company 2007).
Andrew Jackson became president in 1824 and was the only one candidate with the national outlook. He changed democratic space in the United States. What he facilitated was called Westward movement of the autonomous state of Cherokee’s residents in Georgia. Politics became spectacle, party machines emerged and national convention chose candidates. There was a party battle between democrats and Whigs reflecting the party clash on different definitions of American freedom and the government. Referring economy, Jackson’s policy changed the banks’ policy. He authorized the removal of federal funds from the vaults of the national bank and them be deposited in local banks. This made prices rise but the real wages declined (W. W. Norton & Company 2007).
The right to vote was given to all white men. The reformers argued that all men should be allowed to exercise their democratic rights because they owned properties through the labor. The founders believed that the right to vote should only be exercised by Black- Americans who owned substantial real property. The property requirements for voting were eliminated by state. This was as a result of war organized by wage earners people’s convention party of 1841. By 1840 more than 90% of white adult men were eligible to vote. Democratic political institutions have defined the sense of American identity as a united nation. The term citizen, with the right to vote, became synonymous in America. Women and blank were barred from full democracy, blacks were also not allowed to vote at some states, race replaced classes as the separation for freedom (Forner p.363).
Missouri petitioned for the Monroe’s administration to exercise statehood in 1819. From that a debate arose over slavery. 1n 1820 was adopted the Missouri compromise. Henry Clay engineered the second compromise in 1830. Northern republicans opposed expansion of slavery and argued that the western expansion was passionate topic and fatal issue.
The President, Andrew Jackson, cited in his address to the congress, the following gains of Indians’ remove in order to fulfill what the other governments pursued for thirty years; also to end all possible danger between those generals of Indians and the legitimate state authority; moreover, to put the lands occupied by Indians to civilized American farmers who will bring more benefits to the state; to relieve the whole state of Mississippi and the western part of Alabama and enable those states to advance rapidly in population, economy and power. He cited these with the aim to demonstrate how Indians will benefit, how they will be separated from the immediate interaction with white settlements; become free from states power and at last pursue expected happiness of a civilized nation in their own institutions (W. W. Norton & Company, 2007).
In conclusion, the period of democratic advancement in United States brought complete revolutions on political, economic and social spheres of the residents. It shaped the country to adapt to what it currently is.