A number of organizations and groups in the world are clearly debating on whether it is acceptable to use animals in experiments or not. Some believe that there are sensible reasons for using animals in experiments. However, others have argued the use of animals solidly, citing a number of reasons. People have disputed that there are diverse options for animal testing and that the process of using animals is inhumane in terms of the manner, in which scientists treat the animals in the experiments.
Scientists in the world of medicine have often used animals as experimental species in testing for drugs. Before the board that governs drug use accepts and legalizes the use of drugs among human beings, scientists have to test the side effects of the drug on human life, by the use of certain animals. The exploitation of animal for experiments has been common in the development of new medicines and testing of the wellbeing of other products. However, many of the researches results in pain to the animals. Other tests often leave the animals with health problems and defects, which alter the system of animals in the future. For instance, some experiments even kill the animals or cause permanent physical damage. Other animals lose vital senses such as sight and hearing (Algoe).
Activists all over the world have come out in protest over the use of animals in the experimentation of drugs and other forms of medication. Morally, it is not acceptable to let animals suffer because of scientific experiments. Despite the fact that scientists are aware of the risks that they expose to animals in experiments, the exploitation of animals in researches has continued all over the world. The activists have given varying reasons as to why they are against the exploitation of animals in conducting the experiments. This essay will examine some of the opinions that animal activists have pursued against the exploitation of animals in testing drugs and innovations (Birke 100).
First, it is unacceptable to use animals in experiments because the process causes animals’ immense pain and suffering. There are some experiments that tend to induce immense pain in the bodies of animals. For instance, there are new drugs that may cause immense pain and psychological torture to the animals in the experiment. This is a violation of the rights of the animals, according to animal law. All animals have a right to fair treatment and care. Thus, using animals as specimens in testing the efficiency of inventions, such as drugs, is unacceptable. In addition, there are some experiments that lead to permanent damage of the physical conditions of animals. For example, some experiments may leave animals with physical disability such as lameness, blindness or facial deformation. This is also a violation of the rights of animals, according to the law that governs protection of animals (Zeiderman 94).
Scientists perform tests on animals ranging from forcing them to consume varying household cleaning products, and monitoring the response, to placing new cosmetics on the animal skins, to see if the cosmetics have any reaction. Some scientists tend to force animals to consume some drugs before they put them on the market. This is a complete violation of the rights of animals, which may lead to death.
The second reason why exploitation of animals in experiments is not acceptable is that the advantages to human beings, which scientists argue for as the need for using animals, have no tangible proof. Scientists argue that the benefits that accrue to human beings from the use of animals in the experimentation are massive. However, one can argue that scientists have not come up with sufficient proofs on the benefits that animal experimentation has on human beings. Scientists can come up with ways of testing the new drugs without the use of animals. As much as there could be benefits to human beings in the use of animals, scientists can realize the same benefits without the use of animal life. There are alternative ways of testing for the drugs that are more effective than the use of animals (Birke 102).
Thirdly, animal experimentation may involve many animals of varying species. In a case, where the experiment involves the death of the animals in the experiment, the loss due to the experiment would be immense. Some animal experiments tend to test whether a new drug can lead to death. In such an experiment, scientists tend to involve different species of animals to come up with a concrete conclusion. Such an experiment may lead to many deaths of animals in an event that the drug is deadly.
Despite the negatives that come from using animals in experiments, there are some activists who feel that the use of animals in experiments is acceptable. For instance, the supporters of animals use in experiments argue that doctors manage to save many lives annually as a result of the exploitation of animals in experiments. Thus, these supporters look at the use of animals in experiments as a way of bettering the lives of people in the coming years (Algoe).
The above discussion indicates that there are more negatives than positives to using animals in research. Thus, it would be fair if scientists came up with other means of testing drugs, rather than using animals. This is because the use of animals causes massive torture and harm to the physical conditions of the animals.