Mitigation Phase

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Disasters and natural calamities are part of the emergencies that hit the world headlines in the past three decades. These ranges from earthquakes, hurricanes and rain storms, bomb attacks, tsunamis, civil wars and military unrests, floods, fire incidences among others.   Their effects have been so adverse, leaving loss of thousands of lives, destruction of property and infrastructure, displacement of families and major crises in terms of access to basic needs like food, shelter, medical care, education among others.

It is therefore prudent for governments of the disaster prone areas, as well as the international organizations to lay down strategies that will ensure effective combat of the incidences in terms of response, prevention and restoration measures.

Various organizations have taken the responsibility of assisting in the rescue efforts in the aftermath of the incidences and bringing the situation to normalcy through resettlement and rebuilding. These organizations cooperate with the efforts of the government in the steps to respond to the disasters and provide safety to the affected people in spite of the occurrence (Cuny, 1983).

There are also efforts that the governments and the Non-Governmental Organizations invest in being prepared for the disaster as well as the means by which the effects can be minimized. There is a dire need for harmonization of these efforts to achieve maximum results in the emergency and disaster management (Walker, 1991).

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