Other

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The “Other” refers to the third world countries and other undeveloped nations. Europeans have consolidated themselves by defining the third world countries as the other even in their constitution. The notion of the self is tied to the colonialism. Spivak elaborates her excellent discussion of the European films, which portray the third world countries as native. She argues that a person can be able to tell the real period of a Third World film. This is unlike the westernized films that signify the prosperity and the stability of the countries. Despite the fact, that the Western civilized countries marches forward in terms of economy and technological advances, the colonial world is proven to lag behind (Lemons, 2008). It brings out the perception that it is always fixed regardless of the movement of time. The civilized countries are defined by the clear distinction of the period, past, present and future. Both Edward Said and Spivak have the same goal. They both try to expose the complicit nature of literature. In addition, they also try to illustrate the intellectual elite, which have always appeared innocent in the political monarchy of oppression. Spivak and Eward said are both of non-western origin, but they employ the western thoughts to criticize the way the western culture and academic papers are representing the third world countries. The inability of the westerners to speak good about the other is directly a derivative of their inability to listen to the other and understand them.  They tend to want to enforce the western culture, values and consciousness to the third world countries. In his book on Orientalism, Said criticizes the Western especially the English and the French, on their knowledge about the western perception of the people and the culture of the East. The question on the knowledge leads to a tendency of the binary opposition of the western, and the third world countries is portrayed as unequal. Imperialism left a cultural bequest in civilization, which still can be seen to date. He argues that this cultural imperialism is still influential to a larger extend in the international systems of power.

Explanation of the ideas using examples from Kobena Mercer and Cornel West

Kobena Mercer and Cornel West both try to bring about the aspects of the response of the initial blacks to the binary opposition of positive negativity. Kobena insinuates that the fight for black representation must reflect the real mirror of the black community.

White people create dominant images of the world not knowing that they are creating the images in their own view. The "First World" has constantly had images from the "Other Worlds." The long reputation on the relation with the colonies gave rise to the discipline of anthropology. This is recently defined as ethnography. In other words, it involves Oriental studies, as well as cultural studies. These fields of study have brought information to the master nations about distant lands. However, it has simultaneously deploying the knowledge paradigm, which further strengthened colonial rule (Cornel, 1994). Presently, well-known culture travel, tourism, literature, film and music videos, use these "Other Worlds". They use it as foreign locales for telling tales of romance, and adventure of the western subject. The reason of capitalism as an economic structure is that it requires constant revitalizing through the production of new merchandise, a constant search for novelty. This perhaps can partially give details on the recent explosion of images from "Other Worlds" contained by the western world.

Examples on the film work done by Marlon Riggs and Issac Julien

How these films do, illustrates and investigate the concepts of identity, disparities, gender, and ethnicity?

This film is giving an illustration of how race, gender sexual complexities of blackness undercuts the heterosexist culture. Marlon Riggs film work demonstrates the viability of black men pro feminist profession, which is complimented in many related documentary films. From the Emmy award film, “black is… Black is not”, in this film Riggs brings on to the screen the experiences of a black man. These films discuss the survival of black people in the face of a lot of adversity. In addition, this film is a frame of vital reference, which purposely registers intensely on the much wider and most historic picture of the social level of the black people. This film displays remarkable work in cinematic autobiography. It can be said to be the final heroic film of Riggs in his struggle to fight the adversity that is faced by the black people. The film produces a stunning vision of a single black man’s pro feminist beliefs, which pulled through. The pain-staking manner in which this film is made brings out the vision of self-liberation. It does not only bring out self-liberation for a single individual, but all the black people across all nations and all times. Marlon Riggs film has an influence on how autobiographical writing is employed in writing of black film, and the effect of pedagogy on gender, race and sex. Riggs used a documentary style in the construction of a complex representation of a black identity, which brought into the scenes a submission on how the African American culture has roots on the issues of gender, race, sexuality and the religion of a person.  This film brought about the insight on the social and economic drift that exists between the westerners and the blacks.

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