This paper discusses the United Nations Climate Change Conference that took place in Durban, South Africa, in 2011 as a recent international event. It also discusses how the event will affect the United States.
The United Nations Climate Change Conference that took place in Durban in 2011 was important for all the nations of the world (Markandya, 2011). The conference was attended by various representatives of all the nations. The main theme of the conference was the advancement of the execution of the convention and also the Kyoto Protocol amongst others. The Kyoto Protocol expires in 2012 and there is a need for its re-commitment by the member nations. Some members like the European Union have pledged to accept another round of abatement of climate change under the Kyoto Protocol (Markandya, 2011).
However, it can be speculated that at the expiry of the Kyoto Protocol in 2012 the signatories may establish another binding protocol to combat climate change. This is in light of the fact that all countries have concurred that they are willing to negotiate a new model of mitigating climate change by the year 2015 and fully implement it by 2020 (Markandya, 2011). It is not clear whether the next protocol will be stricter than the current Kyoto Protocol. Also, it is not clear yet whether the developing nations will be obligated to participate in the new protocol or not.
The United States did not ratify the Kyoto Protocol even though it is one of the major polluters. It is therefore clear that the United States is not ready to relinquish its right to emit greenhouse gases. Due to this, the United States may again refuse to ratify any other protocol dealing with the climate change. This will bring it under a sharp scrutiny with regard to its moral standing in relation to mitigation of climate change. The morals of the United States will be deeply affected if it refuses to ratify a new climate change protocol again.
The United Nations Climate Change Conference was all about combating climate change. It was meant to find a way forward after the expiry of the Kyoto Protocol in 2012