On many occasions, people have considered stress as any situation or moment when things seem to have become too much for an individual to withstand. This understanding is true to a certain extent. Stress is anything that poses a challenge or threat to the well-being of an individual. In this case, the well-being of an individual includes the peace of the mind, normal functioning of the entire body, and healthy interaction with other people. On the other hand, stress is anything that can cause negative effects on an individual’s well-being.
Recently, statistics have indicated a rising trend of stress and impacts of stress among students, especially in colleges. Students are individuals at an age when they wish to make the most of their life and live it to the full. Thus, any activity that proves to be demanding to them will amount to stress. Students experience great levels of stress in schools. However, the most challenging factor in this case is that the majority of these students lack knowledge on how to handle stress and its causes. A large number of students tend to keep to themselves issues that stress them. Consequently, this frustrates any efforts by the school management to control stress effects among students (Humphrey, 2003).
Causes of Stress among Students
There are a large number of issues that contribute to stress among students. These factors come from both co-students and instructors in academic institutions. The factors range from the working conditions of the school environment to the family background of the students. Each of these factors affects students in different ways, though most of the effects are related (Humphrey, 2003).
Excessive Academic Workloads from Instructors
Instructors fail to understand that students in colleges and universities are at the age when they learn and realize new things in life. Most students are not capable of handling numerous assignments and class schedules that certain colleges offer. This frustrates students, which ends up affecting them in different ways (Landow, 2006).
Effect on students
Stress is among the factors that lead to depression and depression disorders among many people, both young and old. However, the trend has been increasing among the young, especially students. Colleges offer massive loads of academic work to students. This shift in the academic requirements to students is likely to cause depression among students. Research ties this trend to the fact that students tend to be relatively secretive about issues that bother them, preferring not to share their shameful experiences with other people. This causes depression among such students, which consequently affects their academic performance (Landow, 2006).
This element affects students psychologically. This happens because most of these biological conditions that students have are unchangeable. Young people do not know how to deal with such conditions, so it makes them suffer from neglect and stigma. For instance, a student who wets the bed at night will suffer psychological torture and may not share the experience with anyone for fear of being humiliated. Such a form of psychological torture affects the growth, development, and self-esteem of young individuals in colleges and high schools (Landow, 2006).
Effect on students
Loss of Concentration
This is another notable consequence of stress among students. On many occasions, students will suffer from distraction when there is a change in their normal daily operations. For instance, consider a case when a student is attending a class and is not at peace with their parents. This student is likely to lose concentration in class because of the family issue, which will transform into a poor performance and low productivity in class (Humphrey, 2003).
Finally, stress brings an element of disorganization among students. A student will not be able to execute basic activities such as keeping their room tidy. This relates to the concept of loss of concentration, making the student lose touch with primary societal needs (Humphrey, 2003).
Parenting is another factor that contributes to stress among students. This happens during a mismatch between wishes or demands of a parent and those of a student. Apparently, during the teenage years, students tend to be defiant to any person, including their parents. When parents reject wishes of their children, they feel that parents are being unfair, which causes stress to them.
Effect on students
Students suffering from stress have a high tendency to forget things at a higher rate than students with peace of mind. This happens because of the distraction that such a student gets as a result of stressful events in their life at school or home. Such a student fails to capture and store some academic concepts. This forgetfulness will also be evident in the final performance and productivity of the student in their academics (Humphrey, 2003).
When a student is suffering from stress, there are high chances that such a student will be prone to irritation. A student that has domestic issues at home with parents is likely to transfer the frustration to other students and teachers in the institution. The relationship between such a student and their schoolmates and teachers will sour. This will consequently affect the performance and productivity of the student in school (Scheidler, 2008).
Despite the above effects of stress among students, there are other students who have developed ways of dealing with causal factors. Stressing situations will always occur in the life of any student. Some students deal with such moments by finding exiting activities such as sports and other functions that increase contact with other colleagues. The effects of stress are severe when an individual stays alone. Thus, interacting with friends and keeping being busy has often worked for some students in an effort to reduce or avoid stress effects. Such students have continued to perform well in studies and maintained stable relationships with peers and teachers in schools.
Stress is part of the daily lives of all individuals, regardless of the age category or occupation. Students need to learn how to cope with different life situations that cause stress. It is also advisable that the school management find it suitable to include stress management education in the curriculum of schools at all levels. Having knowledge of the causes of stress among students is helpful in preventing and controlling its effects.