Bullying refers to aggressive behavior whereby a person causes injury or harm to another person intentionally. Bullying can also refer to the infliction of pain or harm to another person by causing discomfort. In most cases, bullying is directed towards individuals who are helpless and who cannot be able to defend themselves (Sanders and Gary 3-5). The bullied person is also not to blame for the act of bullying since he or she does nothing so that he can be bullied. Bullying can either be by one person or a group of persons who have more power than the bullied person. Bullying can take place for a long period since it is hidden from adult members of the society; it may persist when there is no action taken to curb it. Bullying can be caused by a number of factors and can take several forms. The aim of this essay is to discuss the types of bullying, the effects of bullying and ways to stop bullying.
The types of Bullying
Bullying is more than just the use of physical power such as through punching or using verbal abuse. There are various types of bullying, which include verbal bullying, physical bullying, cyber bullying, intimidation, indirect bullying, and social alienation. Verbal bullying entails making remarks that can be regarded as offensive, as well as calling other people names. Verbal bullying may take the form of making jokes about another person’s looks, gender, religion, social status, as well as ethnicity (McGrath 6-20). Instances of verbal bullying may include children laughing at one another based on the inadequacies. For instance, a fat child may be laughed at by his or her friends if he or she is unable to walk or run faster like them. Verbal bullying can also take the form of teasing one another or making aggressive threats verbally against the belongings of another person (Guerin and Eilis 25-30).
Physical bullying infers the use of physical contact and force in order to hurt someone. The victim can be hurt through acts such as punching, hitting, as well as kicking. Physical bullying can also take the form of destroying another person’s property. Physical bullying is a common phenomenon in the middle and elementary schools. Another form of bullying is cyber bullying, which occurs through sending pictures and messages using media such as computers. In the recent past, cyber bullying has become common due to the widespread use of the internet, email, and mobile phones in communication. An example of cyber bullying could be sending someone a picture of something that they fear most. For example, sending a person a picture of a snake can be considered as cyber bullying (Guerin and Eilis 25-30).
Intimidation is a form of bullying whereby a person is threatened by a bully to the extent that they have to do what the bully wants to be done. Another form of bullying is indirect bullying, which involves the spreading of rumors regarding another person. This bullying may also involve telling others about the private life of another person. Social alienation refers to a form of bullying whereby the person being bullied is excluded from a certain group. It may also involve making fun of a person because of their inadequacies (Rivers, Neil, and Valerie 3-35).
The Effects of Bullying
Bullying affects the victims, bullies, and the entire society in numerous ways. Bullying can have serious physical, psychological, emotional, and academic implications on the victims. Bullying can have an impact on the mental and health status of the victims in numerous ways. Bullying may lead to sadness, headaches, anxiety, stomach pain, low self-esteem, tension, as well as difficulties in sleeping among the victims. The victims of bullying may suffer from disorders related to anxiety such as panic disorder, stress and depression, as well as separation anxiety. The psychological stress caused by bullying can also weaken the immune system of the victims as their bodies are more prone to infection and diseases (Sanders and Gary 3-5).
Bullying also causes isolation in that the victims may not have any friends as a result of anxiety and the low self-esteem they have. Victims of bullying may feel that they do not deserve to have friends. The victims may also be avoided by other children who fear that they will also be bullied if they interact with the victims. Bullying can result to feelings of sadness and loneliness, which may affect their success in school. The victim may fear attending classes because of the fear that they will be bullied or ridiculed by their classmates. Bullying may have an impact on the academic performance of the victims since they do not attend classes frequently (Sanders and Gary 3-5).
Bullying can also make the victims exhibit violence, which may happen during the time of bullying, or they may develop the violence in the future. The violent behavior portrayed by the victims may either be towards the school or the bullies. Bullying may also have an impact on the bullies themselves. The bullies may engage in activities such as physical fights, destruction of property or carrying of weapons. They also get involved in criminal activities in the future since bullying predisposes bullies to criminal behavior. In addition, the bullies may engage in activities such as alcohol and drug abuse. Bullying may have long term consequences on society since it may increase the number of criminals and lead to high rates of school dropout (Rivers, Neil, and Valerie 3-35).
The ways to stop bullying
There are several ways, which can be used in order to stop bullying at all levels in the society. One way of stopping bullying is through punishment in order to deter the bullies from continuing with their acts of bullying. This strategy can be helpful as it can help in reducing the incidences of bullying witnessed in school and the entire society. Punishment serves to communicate to the bully that he or she should avoid bullying at all costs (McGrath 6-20).
In order to stop bullying, parents should also encourage their children to report incidences of bullying. This way, it will be easier to cut down the spread of bullying in the school setting and avoid the consequences of bullying on the victim. Children should be urged to report cases of bullying to both their teachers and their parents. This is essential at it ensures that the victim does not suffer quietly. Another way in which bullying can be stopped is through structuring the school curriculum in such a way that it teaches the negative consequences of bullying. This will ensure that children who may want to engage in this form of behavior do not do so (Dosani 173-200).
In conclusion, bullying details the infliction of pain by causing discomfort. The typed of bullying include verbal bullying, physical bullying, cyber bullying, intimidation, indirect bullying, and social alienation. Bullying has an impact on the victims, bullies, and society. Bullying can affect victims physically, psychologically, emotionally, and academically. Bullying also affects the bullies themselves; they may engage in activities such as physical fights and destruction of property. Parents should also encourage their children to report incidences of bullying in as a way of curbing this vice.