The world has struggled with the problem of racism; the belief that one human group is superior to another (Darwin n.d). The proponents of racism, base their arguments on the theory of natural selection. According to this theory, the stronger species survives while the forces of Mother Nature eliminate the weak one. The Aryan race, according to Hitler, is the strongest of the human kind. Other races acquire particular strengths by virtue of interacting with other stronger races. According to him the mixing of blood from different races lowers the propensity of survival for the offspring but as well possess danger of survival for the stronger species.
History records the many effects racism has had on many communities. Some of these effects are so bizarre that the world has not yet understood such occurrences. One of such occurrences is the Rwandan genocide! One ethnic group believed the other group were inferior and aliens to the country. With some level of instigation, masses set forth to kill thousands of those who were peaceful citizens! Words are not sufficient to describe the aftermath of the genocide. Kagame notes that while there have been major strides to overcome the effects of racism and the genocide, scars remain a constant reminder of what took place.
Another testimony to the effects of racism is best attested to by the events in South Africa by Paul Kagame (2001). Outright racial segregation was and is still being witnessed by Africans in schools, public places, institutions and places of work. While the world currently testifies to the great potential invested in all individuals, racism deed its best to deny the world of the great potential harbored in many individuals.
Other effects include colonization, and persecution among others. Those who have experienced racism personally painfully know such effects. Great research has gone into this topic and findings reveal that there is no race superior to the other. It is important that all nations and people value each individual just as they value themselves.
The nations of the world that were colonized are still recovering from such effects. As stated earlier, colonization is based on the fact that some races are superior to others. Here are a number of effects of colonization.
In the case of Africa, colonization led to great suffering for the colonies. Kagame (2001) notes that with the coming of colonizers like in the case of Rwanda, South Africa and other countries, the natives were deprived off their rights to their own resources. These resources included land, water, and even freedom of movement. With such basic necessities deprived of them, poverty was increasingly on the rise as the small pay from their colonizers could not support their livelihoods.
The colonizers always tampered with the institutions of the colonized country. Consider for instance the economic institutions; most colonizers would create a situation that would get the colony into dependency. This way, the colonizer is able to keep the colony at their feet and thus can be manipulated for their good. The help extended to colonies would be in most cases pegged on the interests of the colonizer. In the end, the colonizer grows robustly in their finances as the colony continues to deteriorate.
Slavery is one such evil that the world has made great strides to contain (Mahan, 1890). Millions in the world were forced into hard labor, torture, separation from their families and great mistrust prevailed among brethren. The blessing in manual labor lost its glory and everyone detested such labor. While the masters of slave trade grew wealthy and powerful, their subjects continued in agony and torture.
While colonization may be deemed a thing of the past, the present world still sees colonization in other forms. For instance, Bryan(1994) in his article the America’s Mission, probes into the real intent of the America’s interest in other countries that associate economically, military or even at neighbor levels. Neocolonialism still reigns in many countries leading to increased debt for such countries.
THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES
With racism as well as colonization, so many colonies lagged behind in development. The adverse effects on such countries could also explain this. For instance, with slavery, massive deaths, and property like land taken away, such countries took time to develop. In addition, their intellectual capability was yet to be informed to the standards of the other countries. These among other factors led to the emergence of third world countries.
With good governance, some of the third world countries are on to a grip on their development while other still struggle with neocolonialism, poor governance, and a host of many issues that have greatly slowed their rate of development. The coming of independence for many states became the good news they so longed for to break from tyranny and all ills of racism and colonization (Hitler, n.d). Independence also gave equal opportunity for resources, access to knowledge and freedom. These helped equip the colonized for growth as individuals as well as countries
Given that the world has made great strides with respect to such issues as slave trade, racism and colonialism with even attempts to compensate those affected, there is hope for many their world countries. Their hope to moving from being third world countries lies in their potential, the innate strength in them. While the theory of natural selection may not support racism, it does hold water-the stronger in nature survive. The third world countries may need to learn from the laws of nature and be strong to survive.