The process of regional integration has become a conciliation space in between goods creation, national interests, cultural practices and policy formations. The models and ideas do not diminish the concrete actions since even institutions that are developed to exercise integration, like European Union (EU), are normally overwhelmed with the institutional architecture and the member states interests. The European integration has a positive forefront of experience in the regional integration. From a perspective of assumption that the EU provides positive ideas for integration, there are three important conceptualizations that are regarded as crucial in the development of the EU which include state, region and integration.
The state element goes by the political practices within a state. This can be viewed in the form of horror and sufferings of war during the nineteenth century. The European Union has a restoration of sovereignty in a good number of states as a shield of external harsh environs. The European Union has enabled a distinction breakdown between a state and its foreign affairs. It has seen on mutual interference in domestic, traditional affairs, and rejecting of force when resolving disputes consequently enabling a codification of behavioral rules.
The conceptualization of the region not only predominates the academic perceptions of the region, but also specialized media emphasizing the economic criteria. The paradox of regionalism is a European experience designed only to pursue the objectives and roles of the economy as a means (Balassa, 2004). This emphasizes the roles of security and political preferences as being relevant to the processes of integration.
The element of experience in the process of integration indicates an expectation of a free trade project to move forward in a progressive manner toward completion of the economic integration (Balassa, 2004). However, beyond the economic integration, the integration process has several impacts in the areas and policies. Deutsch (2005) argued that the vision of integration is a process where the political states are persuaded to shift their loyalties, political activities and expectations to a neutral centre. The EU has reached a level of economic integration as it has provided an economic union development that requires member states to adopt a common currency, and harmonize their financial and social policies. This expansion of the scope of common policy increases the issues of the effects of the policies on the member states. It has created a system of redistributing these effects in the region.
There are important aspects like the origin and objectives of EU in regional integration. Historical differences between EU and regional integration constitute a major reason that analyses the centrality of the EU in comparative regional integration literature. The promotion of EU as a form of the model is far from a helpful analysis examining the centrality of EU as a form of de facto snobbery positioning of EU on an unsteady pedestal.
Regions are formed in regards to the geographical recognition by the participating states that have common aims and benefits. The advantages normally surpass the disadvantages with their results determine their success influenced by the commitment on policy. Pempel (2005) quoted that the regions will only vary by the number of issued policies or the presented questions. Above all, it will vary by what the dominant actor in a given group of countries see as their political priority at a given time. This desire to create an institutional structure is based on a specific historical context with the variation of regional security design and economic institutions base entirely on divergence of political culture and historical experiences (Acharya & Johnston, 2007). Therefore, decisions regard the formation and function of the EU as a regional body is related to the historical roles that the external and internal drivers of integration played.
Despite the divisions, EU is described as being characterized by homogeneity of race, religion and historical experience. It is characterized by being the level of social and economic development. Scholars have examined regionalism as a way of dealing with globalization challenges and geopolitical structure of world politics change. Acharya suggested that the regionalism has received attention since it constitutes a force for global change. The economic and political integration is a pre-condition for a peaceful society. For EU, the state integration was because of rise in the global economy, political cooperation and conflicts.
In conclusion, the article urges caution in single integration approach recognition. The EU is not a model entirety. Integration snobbery should be avoided. The European experience of cooperation between the states is a characteristic of an institutional architect with the integration not becoming a zero sum game becoming unpredictable.