Foreign policy is defined as general objectives that govern the country’s relationships and activities in its association with other countries. Foreign policy stipulates how and when a given country should conduct its relations with other states. Foreign policy, also referred to as foreign relations policy, contains self-interest strategies, identified by the country, to uphold its nationwide interests and achieve its international objectives. Foreign policies are strategically crafted to help the country maintain a balance in the international arena. Since national interests supersede any other policy, foreign policies are carefully crafted through rigorous processes within the government’s top authorities. National interests can be achieved either through peaceful interactions with other states or via exploitation. The responsibility of designing foreign policy is the government head’s task in collaboration with foreign secretary or its equivalent. In most democracies, legislature input through its oversight role is imperative in crafting foreign policy.
Just like any other advanced democracy, the United States of America has a set of objectives that guide its relationship and interaction with other states. These objectives are aimed at establishing America’s position in the international arena and aiding other initiatives’ achievement. The United States foreign policy is summarized in five major goals. The first goal is national security. Under this banner, the US strives to ensure a balance between its national security and protection of civilian rights through its foreign policy, as well as their freedoms and property. This policy has been demonstrated by every government in the United States for the past two decades. The United States has been aggressively fulfilling this policy through promoting global peace and securing its borders against attacks or control by overseas powers. This goal also defines how the United States handles other states.
The second goal outlined in the United States foreign policy is the establishment of free and open trade. America values bilateral and international trade. The country maintains trade with other states and preserves access to invaluable natural resources. The country values open exchange cargo and services between states, provision of markets for US goods and importation of desired goods from foreign countries. The third goal in the United States foreign policy is the promotion of world peace. This objective is closely tied to the United States national security. This means establishing America’s position in the world as a super power. It has sole responsibility for promoting and upholding peace in the world. The US appreciates the fact that peace in other countries is paramount to its national security. The fourth goal is promoting democracy through quality governance. This is a strategy that the US uses to ensure that peace prevails in the world. America recognizes the fact that most conflicts culminate from dictatorship and poor governance. Promotion of democracy encourages public participation, hence, few conflicts. The fifth goal outlined in the US foreign policy is provision of humanitarian aid to people in need. This is an elaborate program, entrenched in the US foreign policy, which is aimed at ensuring that its citizens reach out to those in need, regardless of their location.
Domestic policy, popularly referred to as public policy, is the actions that governments initiate within the boundaries of their countries. Domestic policy represents the countries’ experiences and history. Public policies aim at addressing various issues including education, energy, business, social welfare among other issues. The United States domestic and foreign policies are linked to help the country meet various objectives. Domestic policies basically represent the citizens’ aspirations and expectations. Foreign policies are designed with domestic policies in mind. A critical analysis of the United States foreign policy reveals that foreign policies were carefully crafted to help the country achieve its goals and fulfill its mandate for the sake of its people. National security, for instance, ensures that Americans and their businesses are safe within their country. A safe environment is critical for investments, which, in turn, contribute to economic growth. A stable America is critical for businesses and general well-being of the country. Promotion of national security will obviously have a positive impact on the country’s security. An ideal environment will prevail for businesses and general economical growth.
International trade promotion and valuable natural resources exploitation is critical for economic growth. This policy is directly linked to America’s domestic policy in terms of economic trade. Economic growth can be achieved quickly if the scale of international trade is raised. The United States has always called on other countries to engage in fair trade deals as stipulated in the United Nations trade and tariffs agreement. The United States has persistently accused China of engaging in unfair business deals. The United States alleged that the UN provisions’ disregard of fare trade was a big blow to American investors. This is a clear demonstration of the reasons why foreign policy is linked to domestic policy in the US. Domestic policy is linked with the US foreign policy to help the country stamp its authority on the planet and claim its share. This share must be reflected in business opportunities and other lucrative dealings procured by Americans. American foreign policy provides a link between the US citizens and the world. Foreign policy is fused with American domestic policy to help its citizens transact with the outside world for the benefit of the American economy.
The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) is a lobby group that advocates for pro-Israel policies. With its headquarters in New York, AIPAC appears to have leverage over the United States administration in regard to Israel issues. The group does not have any political affiliation because its members are drawn from all political parties in the United States. This body holds immense powers and it affects the United States relationship with Israel. Critics accuse AIPAC of acting as the agent between the United States and Israel. The group’s prime activity is to lobby the congress on matters related to Israel.
AIPAC has influenced the American government in many ways in issues relating to Israel. The group capitalizes the United States position on the globe to influence many key issues in Middle East. For quite some time, the American policy in the Middle East has been open in favor of Israel. America has continued to support Israel even on issues that appear controversial on a global scale. The Jewish lobby group influences the United States regarding the issues concerning Palestine and Iran. AIPAC wants US to use its military might to force Israel neighbors in the middles east to respect Israel’s territorial integrate. The formation of Israel state in 1948 did not go down well with many Muslim countries. American Israel Public Affairs Committee expects the United States to exert pressure on the Palestinian government and compel it to fight extremism and respect Israel’s existence right. AIPAC was the first organization to urge the US to declare war on terrorism. The group was extremely concerned that the level of dissatisfaction within some Muslim states was dangerous enough to cause terrorism. This call was swiftly accepted by the political class in the United States. The group further alleged that the level of incitement against the Israel state was rising steadily and the group was particularly concerned about the possibility of creating two states, in which Palestinians and Israel will each have its own state.
The abovementioned issues have a great impact on the American policy in the Middle East. The US has always strived to maintain strong links with Israel, irrespective of the prevailing circumstances. The United States continue to exert undue pressure on any country that appears to be against the Israel state. Iran has been the latest casualty to face the United States’ wrath to those states that oppose Israel state. The United States was the first country to call on the UN to impose diplomatic and economic sanctions on Iran. The group has also forced the United States to enhance sharing of crucial intelligence information between the two countries. The group called for military support for Israel. Indeed, America granted Israel with massive military aid that led to the establishment of anti missile systems in the state. In summary, AIPAC’s influence on the United States foreign policy cannot be underestimated. As it stands now, Israel receives the largest share of US monetary aid. It is determined that Israel receives an estimated $ 3 billion in terms of financial aid annually.
A critical examination of the above issues would often make one wonder why the Jewish vote is critical and how it affects American foreign policy towards Israel. Historically, the United States and Israel have the same origin. Both of them were pickup nations that were crafted through ideas. Unlike Europe, America appreciates the struggles of Israel people and their right to exists in their original land. The question of Jewish vote and its dominance in the United States have entailed many discussions both inside and outside the US. The truth is that the Jewish community in the United States is insignificant but plays a crucial role in the US politics. It is estimated that the population of Jewish Americans is about 3 per cent, but their contribution to the national vote is disproportionately large. This is because Jews in America contribute significantly in terms of finance and media influence to the US politics.
Another factor is that the composition and distribution of Jewish American voters has the potential to be the decisive factor on the national scale. Jewish Americans are highly concentrated in crucial states in the United States. This gives Jewish voters a rare opportunity to act as swing voters. Every American politician comprehends the influence that a swing vote can have on the final national tally. Jewish Americans use this unique powerful opportunity to force the United States to act in Israel’s favor. Jews are concentrated and maintain a sizable voting bloc in influential states in America. They make up a formidable proportion of voters in key states, normally referred to as swing states. The nature of voting in these states has a critical bearing on the national vote. This factor presents a Jewish vote as the highly priced vote in the United States. Every politician will do whatever it takes to win the support of American Jews. Jews use this advantage to champion the course for Israel through the United States foreign policy. It is believed that Jewish voters in the US assess candidates based on their support for Israel. If the candidate proves elusive on a crucial Israel issue, Jews will unanimously endorse another candidate. This move has the potential to alter the outcome of the national vote. Most politicians in the United States find themselves in a situation where they have no option but to tilt their foreign policies in favor of Israel. Thus, Jews use the numerical strength in the US voting system to seek support for Israel.