Organizations should be proactive in development and use of energy saving appliances. The legislation should not be imposed, so that organizations can utilize the criteria or appliances that are energy efficient. Energy saving in any organization implies a reduction of cost and makes environment more conducive and safe. The main aim of this paper is to identify the law of energy conservation and how it can be used and converted. The pros and cons of various types of energy are also taken into consideration.
The Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy within a given organization is either kinetic, potential, heat or light. The law of conservation states, that it cannot be formed or damaged. The energy can only be transformed into another form. This means that it can be changed from potential to kinetic energy. It is obvious that the total energy in an organization is fixed. The transformed energy is used in performing various activities physically. This energy can be utilized in equipment or just to execute some societal services. A transducer is an apparatus that can be utilized in transforming energy to a different form. The transformation heavily relies on the type of energy at the disposal of the electromagnetic waves.
It has high calorific value; hence there is a lot of energy that can be produced, which makes it efficient. The fossil is also available on the surface of the Earth and can be easily extracted. It is cheap and reliable to be used for the society needs. The fossil fuel is widely used in the United States of America. However, the amount of carbon dioxide released, is one of the reasons of a global warming. There is also a release of a toxic gas called sulphur dioxide that leads to an acidic rain, causing the destructions of the matter.
It has a less production of carbon dioxide compared to other gases. The operational cost is low, and it has a big power-generating ability that can be applied to provide a wide region with energy. Nevertheless, nuclear energy is quite risky because it may cause a disaster. Moreover, the cost of operation and development is enormous. It is more reasonable to spend the costs on the other forms of renewable energy, as nuclear energy heavily contaminates the environment.
It is less expensive and efficient, since it relies on the sun and the panel installation and is not expensive to produce. Solar energy does not contaminate the environment as well, hence it is considered to be the best source of energy (Cothran, 2002). On the other hand, the solar panels may be expensive depending on the household consumption that requires a number of the panels. Another disadvantage is that this type of power can be generated from the sun only during the day, when there are enough sunrays to produce electricity.
The wind power does not require much money to produce the energy. By the way, it provides work places in the country, hence is a source of living for many. There exists a rebate for people, who take up the use of the wind generators. However, the turbines can be easily destroyed, since they are tall and tinny. There is also much noise created by the movement of the blades that disturbs people.
Water (hydro) Power
It is quite cheap to maintain, since the only cost that can be incurred is for installation. It is the greenest of all other technologies available. However, this source of energy accounts for the smallest percentage worldwide, of around 20%. Although water power as source energy is not famous yet, it is the main power, which generates electricity using water. The main disadvantage is floods, which can be caused by highly destructive dams.
It is secure to handle and move it from one place to another. Bioconversion has an improved lubrication and fewer emissions. It is non-toxic and has no sulphur and aromatics.
The only disadvantage is that its maintenance is expensive to operate.
Energy Policy Act (2005)
The provisions of the Energy Policy Act include new homeowners, who develop their houses in a manner that saves the energy by fifty percent. The incentive given here is $2000. The other provision is the new commercial developments and improvement of the present houses that attracts a tax incentive. The instinctive is $1.8 per square foot of any constructions that minimize the energy by fifty percent (Long, 1989).