Poverty and Inequality in Latin American Borderlands
The article “Poverty and Inequality in the Latin American-U.S. Borderlands: Implications of U. S. Intervention”by Kitty and Segaldiscusses the factors that lead to poverty in Latin America, especially in Mexico and the conditions in which poor people are subjected. It is notable that, in the recent years, scarcity continues to be an importunate crisis in Latin America. Forty three percent of the Caribbean and Latin Americans subsist in scarcity, a projected two hundred and nine million individuals. Latin America also has the utmost levels of social disparity in the globe, with under privileged rural family units being deficient in even the main basic requirements like food and clean water. Based on the above fact, this paper will candidly examine the causes of poverty and inequality in the Latin American region.
Twenty million individuals in Mexico are strained to survive on an equal of two dollars a day, though this may differ significantly across various social groups. In most cases, children get employment in the streets to assist in supporting their families as well as themselves. In the year 2002, a large part of the Mexican inhabitants survived in poor living conditions; a fifth survived in intense poverty; moreover, just eighty percent had the way to access hygiene (Kitty & Segal 15). This is a small number of fundamental circumstances that resulted from the financial state in Mexico. Various associations, for instance the World Bank, are assisting under the pressure of political commands of Mexico in financial transformations. These transformations are intended to help the underprivileged individuals, most of them living in the rural areas.
Between the years 2000 and 2002, the right to use electrical energy for rural poor people went up from sixty-three percent to ninety percent, an indication that a number of the strategy modifications and external support are in reality confirming to be useful (Acosta 56). Despite all these achievements, approximately seventy-five percent of persons in intense poverty exist in rural regions of Mexico (Acosta 56). These individuals significantly lack access to education or admission to learning services, essential contemporary communication expertise, as well as transportation. Consequently, there is a deficiency in clean water, hygienic food provision, in addition to the most important - health care. Data confirms that, prior to the calamity of the years 1994 to 1995, Mexico’s town joblessness pace was going down (Huber & Stephens 14). This is an indication that Mexico’s transformations are assisting in the situation of poverty eradication among other issues affecting the existence of its citizens.
With a financial account similar to that of Latin America, it is simple for an individual to assume that a financial development of this degree in this area may need more time to adopt. The safety programs endorsed in the nineteen seventies and the nineteen eighties are recommended to have brought down poverty radically, as seen in notable countries like Chile. In the entire Latin America, the rates of inflation have been rising surprisingly at an alarming rate (Campesi 448). In Argentina, inflation takes place very often, making it difficult to purchase basic needs, for instance foodstuff and electrical energy. As a result of high inflation rates, majority of individuals in countries such as Argentina, especially those living in the rural areas, have adapted to the high rates of inflations. For instance, they buy food stuffs and other essentials in large quantities when their prices are low, thus being able to save the little they have (Indart 20). Furthermore, in countries like Guatemala, the cost of living has significantly gone up (Campesi 460). This has resulted into higher levels of malnourished children as parents cannot afford staple foods such as tortillas among others.
In conclusion, it is clear that poverty levels in the Latin America region have highly gone up, despite numerous attempts by governments. However, all is not in such a gloom as the collaborative efforts between the governments and financial institutions like the International Monetary Fund has started to yield fruits, a factor that may significantly reverse this trend (Campesi 470).