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Big Business in America

Big businesses in America have been the main cause of the success of America in conquering the world's economy. America is known to have the most of the richest companies worldwide. Big companies have reduced the level of crimes by providing job opportunities for young people. As the proverb goes," idle mind is the devil's workshop". These companies have reduced the level of idleness by creating employments. They have also been sponsoring and granting loans to those who are less fortunate. Sports, movies, music, television programs and events are mostly sponsored by these companies. In addition to this, these companies have gone ahead to sponsor and provide scholarship for bright students who cannot afford to further their studies because of financial strains. Brightening the future of young people is one way of securing the future of the next generation. Apart from benefitting American people, big businesses have contributed in boosting the country's economy and developing its infrastructure as well as earning by exchanging foreign currencies (Greene 135). Utilizing the new technology build the infrastructure of America and therefore, improves the living standard of American people. One of the strategies adapted by most companies and organizations in America is going green.

Going green is a used term in business that means transitioning of a business to become eco-friendly or environmentally friendly. Some companies have been reluctant to going green such as cosmetic companies. They have had to think twice and go for more eco-friendly means such as green formulations and biodegradable packaging. Most companies and organizations have gone green in order to reduce the impact of carbon and its degradation on the environment. Going green is an environmentally responsible choice. Majority of the greenhouse gases in the United States are from the energy production used to heat, cool and for lighting work places. This constitutes about 40% and thus reducing this output will be direct in reducing the carbon dioxide output. In the long run, there will be profound advantages as this will reduce the negative effects of global warming. By companies changing from being green to going green basically means less with the talk and more with the work. Business that are opting to go green have nothing to lose because most individuals and customers are more conscious and are buying products from those who are environmentally conscious.

Businesses are also manufacturing and buying eco-friendly products for cleaning as they reduce the amount of waste that ends up in the streams and rivers. For those companies that often require communication through paper, they have maximized the use of email and other digitized forms of communications. It therefore, goes without saying that at the end of the day they are saving a lot from not using paper. Companies are also into recycling of most of their products such as paper, grocery bags and electronics. As the demand of recycled post-consumer products increases, it saves on the natural resources and reduction of waste.  Some organizations have gone a step higher by allowing their employees to telecommute. This has helped in saving on the expenses gasoline consumption on transport and the effects of the release of carbon into the air and also maintenance of the roads. For instance, large organization such as Dell and HP are recycling their products as this reduces the cost of making of the assets and also the need of power. They are reducing the toxic elements in the hope of creating completely free toxic products. Other companies such as automobiles are going the green way too as they are producing more hybrid vehicles by the day. Hybrid vehicles use more than one form of power to move around. They use a gasoline engine to power a generator which powers an electric motor. The effects of these hybrid vehicles have a positive impact on the environment as no or little carbon gases are emitted into the atmosphere.

On other ways in which businesses can go green involves the replacement of the traditional fax machine with a fax system or email as these new forms are paperless. Business can also start printing documents on both sides to minimize the usage of paper and also keeping air conditioning and ventilation ducts clean can go along the way in conserving the environment and saving on cost. Freyer (249) claims that there should also be ways of creating synergies through which there is sharing and consolidation of resources such as printers. For companies that produce means of packaging finished products, they are looking for ways of producing more bio-degradable forms instead of polythene papers. This also somehow keeps the environment clean and the cities clearly appear to be developed.

The major advantage to organizations, companies and businesses that have gone green is that it is easily sustainable. By use of solar systems instead of normal power supply is helping reduce cost and increase in productivity. As an example is the solar powered plane of Switzerland that had a successful flight through the night and landed safely after almost 26 hours. This just goes to showing what the fruits of going green truly are. There are fewer costs incurred during the use of eco-friendly bulbs. These bulbs have been proven to cut down on the costs by 75%. For those businesses that have maximized on digitized ways of communication, such as a research done on Captaris Company, it saved 2 million dollars annually by the fact of digitalizing their paper work. Technology has been record in improving the livelihood of many people across the world in a few decades. The growth of economies has tremendous surpassing the growth in a centaury prior to the new twist in technology. Basically, there are some under laid issues that have witnessed the growth in the economy as being an improvement in technology. Since the new down in the computer system in the 1980s, development of industries and services industries have been tremendous and precisely adopting and gaining an easier way of engaging on in social and economic development. Digital technology allows access of information faster therefore, allowing an easier interaction of people globally (Hart 114).

Another notable positive effect of going green is on the impact on the environment. This means that there is less use of energy thus less production of waste. With reduced wastes that run into streams and rivers, we are able to conserve marine animals while at the same time protecting our own health from both airborne and waterborne diseases. Going green has also produced positive physiological effects. One is happier when consuming home-grown foods in support of local farmers than buying from large brands. Businesses are also being advised to shut down computers or put them in hibernation mode as this also help in saving expenses on electricity. In a research done by Microsoft, putting a computer into hibernation mode whereby the screen uses no energy can save up to $90 per computer over the course of one year. With today's technology, there are transactions that are done online without any one on one meeting. This has made many business transactions happen especially in the U.S and other countries (Freyer 268).

There are also tax benefits unto those businesses that are going green. The federal stimulus of 2009 contained around $50 billion of funding to promote clean energy. In this effect, it gave business a tax reduction of 50% on their building energy consumption. Schools and other educational sectors are also going green by use of e-learning. It is a paperless form of learning and it eliminates the need to continually print paper thus saving on forests of trees. It also cuts down on travelling for the majority of business staff. In cases where training is necessary, e-learning and web cams come in handy. Air travel has a very large negative effect on the environment as it is the most fuel guzzling form of transport. In the case, of using e-learning and web cams, employees and managers do not have to travel to every destination as the same information can be relayed over such technologies. It therefore, saves the environment as much as possible. Industrialization brought by development and establishment of business has a positive impact on growth of America. For example, take a look there are quite a few reasons to consider that there is an improvement in the livelihood over the past lifestyle. Some changes have not only increased the quality of the products and services but also the live of individuals. Most of the industries have improved their system, and now they are using the technology to advance the excellence of their products and services.

Unfortunately, going green has it's shortcoming that affects the lifestyle of some individuals. Businesses are trying to go green even in the production of biodegradable containers. This is becoming hectic as the containers break down after a period of 90 days. To others, they are trying to recycle toilet papers. There are negative comments from the public on this as it is not seen as healthy. For those who are into junk kind of food have it bad. There are upcoming organic cafeterias as use of growth hormones. This has become a risk to people as well as the environment. It is not a smooth ride to those businesses that intend on utilizing the solar as a substitute to the normal power energy. It will not always be sunny and for those who are frequent to winters more than summer will find it rough to go green. They could however, look more into wind power that is generated by wind.

With the overwhelming need by businesses to go green, there are advantages and a few disadvantages to overcome before they become what people are looking for in businesses, companies and organizations. The idea behind this wave of going green is to be environmentally friendly and becoming conscious of climate changes. It might mean a change in what has been a tradition to mankind for over generations of years, but in the long run; going green will be to the benefit of man. It might mean having a car pooling instead of driving to work or to school, an e-learning system other than going to field, a solar powered system rather than a normal power supply. It might even mean forgoing steaks that are thick and juicy for more home grown food.  This will reduce negative weather conditions such as; global warming. From any angle that we look at it, going green will have more positive effects than negative effects (Tindall 39).

Business should continue being green as it also has a positive effect. People are more attracted to those businesses that are green and conscious about the environment. Business creation is at large from the fad of going green. There are more demands on construction of eco-friendly housing, environmentally conscious packaging in which businesses are up and running on recycling of waste materials. In the Barak Obama and Joe Biden's economic plan, they aim at creating 5 million green jobs in the course of the next coming years. It has become a break for businesses that are going green as the Department of Energy has already provided tax breaks and incentives to those that are already operating in environmentally friendly manner. There are many benefits awaiting those businesses that are willing to go the green way.

Above all, these big businesses have created a peaceful coexistence between America and other countries. Through trading, these businesses have developed a healthy relationship with businesses in other nations. As a result, enhances globalization. Two countries trading with each other must be able to communicate and come to an understanding of how they will settle their differences Cultures should be there to strengthen the countries but not to weaken or act as a hindrance. Due to globalization, businessmen have been forced to be more open minded and comfortable in the areas that might have put them to be uneasy in the past. The Chinese have more cultural practices than the Americans so this way of being more open minded has mostly affected them.

Globalization can be defined as an economic interaction of more than two countries while culture is the ways of life a certain group of people adopt in order too guide them in how they run their activities and live in general. U.S and China have very different cultures that if not looked in to could affect their business relationship even with the globe at large. Globalization has enabled these two countries to loosen up on some of the cultures that they hold on too much. The interaction with other countries has made China loosen up on some of the cultures that acted as a hindrance rather than a doorway to making good business. Some of these cultures included the belief that businessmen were there to maximize their profits by mainly using the common man, the role of the woman in business, etc. women have gained their equal rights as men in comparison with the past although the Chinese still view the male as the head decision maker despite the seniority of the other party.

There have been cases whereby employees are abused by big companies. In a capitalist economic system, the main means of production include factories and machineries. As a result, the owners of these means of production are out to gain all that they can from the implementation of these means of production. However, they still need labor in order to complete the production process. Their main objective is to maximize profits, and as such, they result to minimization of the labor costs as much as possible. As a result, the working class is angered by the low wages and is ultimately tired of the exploitation by the persistent means of production owners. However, agencies such as OSHA have been formed to protect the constitutional rights of employees. According to Hendricks (96), politics has been manipulated in the past in order to suit the politicians' selfish desires without having the interests of the country in mind. However, governments have tried their best to accommodate each other so that there is a smooth flow of trade between America and other countries.

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