Putting up a Good Academic Essay
Good sentence formation forms the basis of any good writing including academic essays. Everyone aspiring to achieve effective results in writing these should start from perfecting the art of writing the sentences correctly, as done by many notable essay writers. Sentences usually have a subject and verb, starting with the capitalised first letter and ending with a suitable punctuation mark to mark the end of the thought. Paragraphs are a chain of sentences having a more organised and a unified pattern of writing. They generally start with a topic sentence that summarises what is there in the paragraph. It unfolds and introduces the subject to the reader. Famous as the ‘hook sentence' to grab the attention of the readers and keeping them engaged and engrossed in it, it should be succinct having fact, opinion, alarming data or the like to absorb readers' interest in it. It is the main controlling thought of the paragraphs and serves many functions. It substantiates the main thesis statement of the essay, unites the thought and content of the section for a more unified reading while informing the readers about the idea discussed in it.
Reading through the first few lines in a part gives helps the reader to form a perspective of it and decide whether to read it full or not. Therefore it is always advisable to put the topic sentence in the beginning of the paragraph to let the readers get acquainted with the thought used in the paragraph.
However in the absence of some strong and concrete evidence a topic sentence is no more than a mere statement. There is a need to support the main statement with series of various sentences illustrating the point given. These sentences stem from the main idea of the section as given by the focus sentence and could be some fact, examples, and data supporting it. The use and need for support sentences is apparent in case of persuasive essays, in which the writer has to bring forward his point of view on a certain issue and persuade the readers with his stand.
Supporting sentences must give opinions besides supplying the audience with the details and information on the topic. Seven to eight sentences supporting the main idea are considered to be enough in case of short essays but when writing the long ones there's no such limit imposed and you may write as much as you want in it. The usual query of people writing these essays is whether the writing will retain its readability even when so much detailing is done and big paragraphs written. The reply to this is positive until the content is written with a clear understanding of the topic, related to the subject and the information provided is interesting and engrossing.
Conclusively, whatever has been started must end as well. Writing the closing sentence is a must for every paragraph. Its main purpose is to reemphasize the idea and the thought contained in the paragraph.
It should not be a mere repetition of the topic sentence but the same idea rephrased in different words. The closing sentence fulfils two roles: first to be reminiscent of the idea state in the section making it stronger and it marks the end of the current section and completes the thought preparing the reader to expect something else in the following part.
It is observed that starting with the writing is the toughest stage for beginners, who feel uneasy or difficult to do so. Proper planning and preparation can help in such case. One can start with researching on the concerned topic, getting all the required information and also penning down the thoughts and answers relating to the topic. All this data should be appropriately organised in the manner it has to appear in the essay.
After collecting the necessary information as described above, writing the essay should be started following the above mentioned pattern.
The paragraphs should begin with the topic sentence backed with adequate number of supporting sentences containing information that illustrates the topic. The number of topic sentence will depend on the required length and depth and research of the subject. The paragraph should end with a closing sentence which sums up whatever has been said previously. Transition sentence, for an easy shift from one idea to another may also be added if required.
The sentences should be kept precise, short and comprehensible. The writing should not lose its integrity of thought by addition of all sort of information which might also be impertinent to mention in it. The maintenance of focus on the main idea of the topic is very essential.
At last the text should be revised while looking for any punctuation, grammatical or spelling error. The flow and rhythm of thought can be checked by reading it out loud and correcting them in case of any short coming. Once the work is done neatly and according to your expectations, you may relax with relief.