How to Write an Analytical Essay

What is an analytical essay? This work implies an analysis and a critical view of various phenomena. The purpose of an analytical paper is to develop such skills as independent creative thinking and ability to prove your own thoughts. Analytical writing is extremely useful, as it allows the author to learn how to formulate thoughts clearly and correctly, structure information, use basic concepts, distinguish cause-effect relationships, illustrate experience with relevant examples, and argue his or her conclusions. There are some signs of an analytical essay.

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The presence of a specific topic or question. A work devoted to the analysis of a wide range of problems cannot be performed in this genre.
Expression of individual impressions and considerations on a particular occasion or issue.

As a rule, it suggests a new view on something; such a work may have a philosophical, historical-biographical, journalistic, literary-critical, popular science, or purely fiction character.

In the content of the essay, the author’s personality is primarily evaluated (his or her worldview, thoughts and feelings).

Outline Preparation

List the main points that you are going to reveal or key ideas of the work. Specify the arguments that are needed in this or that paragraph or the actions to be performed. Here, you should denote the facts or information necessary for the disclosure of these items. At the same time, pay attention to the fact that your arguments should be of two types: theoretical, when you refer to well-known representatives of the considered field of activity (writers, artists, scientists, etc.), and practical ones, when you cite examples from personal experience, from history or someone else's social experience. The plan can be written both for the main part of the essay and for the whole work, in particular, to describe the introduction and conclusion in details.

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In this part of the essay, you must convey the essence of the problem briefly, and show how important its consideration for society is. The introduction formulates the objectives of the work, the tasks, the implementation of which will help to get the desired results, and the key concepts necessary for the disclosure of this topic.

The Body of the Text

It is the main element of the essay, which should be the largest in volume and the most informative. In this part, you should achieve the goals formulated in the introduction. For example, if the purpose of the work was to establish a relationship between cause and effect, then you should describe the cause, all the consequences to which it led, and identify the relationship between them in detail. For readability, the main part can be divided into sections and subsections with their own headings.


In this part of the work, it is necessary to draw conclusions to which you arrived during the consideration of this problem. Depending on the type of essay, the conclusions may contain your recommendations on the application of certain things, calls for the further action or continuation of your small research.

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The References List

All sources (books, articles) must be included in the list of references. The rules do not regulate the number of sources, but it is recommended to use textbooks and other educational literature to a minimum. Instead, it is worthwhile to include in the work articles from journals, monographs and other works, in which the positions of various authors on the problem under consideration are presented.


When the text is written, do not be lazy to reread it and correct errors and inaccuracies. The presence of a large number of mistakes may play against you, so if you have low literacy, ask for help from those who are competent in it.


To make your position more convincing, use the arguments in the essay. In order to arrange theses and facts in a logical sequence, it is necessary to know how they interrelate. The relationship involves the interaction of thesis and argument and can be direct, indirect and separate. Direct evidence is the evidence, in which the truth of a thesis is directly substantiated by an argument. The method of direct evidence can be applied using the technique of induction, deduction, analogy, and cause-effect relationships.

Induction is the process by which we arrive at facts-based conclusions. We move in our reasoning from the particular to the general, from assumption to statement. The deduction is the process of reasoning from the general to the particular, in which the conclusion is usually built based on two prerequisites, one of which is more general. In the process of creating an essay, it must be remembered that one paragraph should contain only one statement and the corresponding proof, supported by graphic and illustrative material. Therefore, when filling the sections with argumentation, it is necessary to limit yourself to the consideration of one main idea within the paragraph.

Use the Proper Style

The special language of the essay implies the vividness and artistic character of the text, persuasiveness, and evidence, accuracy, depth of words and thoughts, the rejection of verbal clichés in the expression of the author’s thoughts. In your analytical paper, you can show associations that manifest themselves as freedom for the creative interpretation of thoughts and feelings, which are “hidden” in a certain way in the text. Do not be afraid to apply metaphors, allegorical images, symbols, and comparisons. Now you know how to write an analysis paper correctly and get good grades.

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