The article is an illustration and analysis of the detailed aspects of drug cartels and the drug business in the US, Mexico and Columbia. It describes the past occurrences of drug trafficking by giving information from former members of cartels such as Sinaloa. The article also focuses on the social evils that occur in the drug trafficking business. Such evils include unwanted murders of members of opposing groups and bribery of different units of the government, police units, and civilians. The article also illustrates, how cocaine entered into the drugs market, and how the factors that have made cocaine one of the sources of high revenue for the cartels. We also see the efforts of drug cartels to counter the efforts by the government units towards stopping drug trafficking in the US market. The article also attempts to illustrate the power that drug barons command in any country, illustrated by Chapo’s treatment while in prison, and how he found his way out from the prison (KEEFE, 2012).
The Issue in the Article
The article gives an overview of drug trafficking in Mexico and the US, focusing on one key cartel, Sinaloa, the key man of which is Chapo. Chapo drug cartel has increased mainly due to the overwhelming demand for illegal drugs by the American population. America is the largest consumer of drugs from Mexico. This is evident from the value that drugs fetch in the US market. For example, a kilo of Cocaine may cost $2000 in Columbia, $10000 in Mexico, but it costs $100000 in the US market. Mexican drug cartels also collect high revenues of approximately $18 to $39 billion from the US market (KEEFE, 2012).
Despite the high number of deaths (50000 since 2006) in Mexico as a result of drug trafficking, the business has continued to flourish. Sinaloa is among the few organizations that survived the economic recession in 2008. In the 1980s, most Mexican cartels used to export local heroin and marijuana to the US. However, with the development of cocaine production in Columbia, Mexican cartels acted as mediators between the two countries, buying cocaine from Columbia, and selling it to the US. The intermediaries, such as Martinez, benefited from the trafficking business immensely. Mexican cartels stopped acting as intermediaries and started marshalling several flights of cocaine in the US (KEEFE, 2012). Mexican cartels ventured into the cocaine business due to the ratio of volume versus value of cocaine. Cocaine, though hard to produce, is easy to traffic into the desired market, unlike other drugs such as marijuana.
Different drug cartels often engage in violence. Drug trafficking is the business that lacks trust, and the only way of dealing with opponents is through violence. The cartels had to come up with new and superior ways of trafficking drugs to the US market. At one point, they developed underground tunnels that were highly effective in transporting drugs to the US. The cartels used large amounts of money as a bribe for the state and other related institutions. State departments have compromised their integrity by taking bribes from the drug traffickers, evidenced by the number of Border officials that have faced legal action since 2006 (KEEFE, 2012).
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